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How to Attach Hinges

Dr Ahsanur Rahman, PHD

How to Attach Hinges
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To attach hinges, start by removing the screws holding the hinge leafs in place on the door and the jamb. Then, place the new hinges onto the doorframe, ensuring they sit flush.

Screw the hinges in place, making sure they are securely attached.

How to Attach Hinges
How to Attach Hinges 4


Tools And Materials You’ll Need

To attach hinges to a door, start by removing the screws holding the hinge leafs in place. Next, place the new hinges onto the doorframe, ensuring they sit flush. Finally, screw the hinges in, either surface-mounting or recessing them depending on your preference.

This step-by-step process will help you accurately install hinges on your door.

Before you start attaching hinges to your door, make sure you have the necessary tools and materials at hand. Here’s a list of what you’ll need:

Tools Materials
  • Screwdriver (Phillips or Flathead, depending on the screws)
  • Pencil
  • Measuring tape
  • Chisel (if using recessed hinges)
  • Drill (if necessary)
  • Hinges
  • Screws

Screwdriver (phillips Or Flathead, Depending On The Screws)

When attaching hinges, the type of screwdriver you use will depend on the type of screws that come with your hinges. Most hinges come with either Phillips head screws or flathead screws.


The hinges themselves are, of course, a crucial component in the door installation process. Make sure you have the appropriate hinges for your project, whether you need butt hinges, concealed hinges, or pivot hinges.


Having the right screws for your hinges is essential for a secure and reliable attachment. It’s important to double-check the size and type of screws recommended for your specific hinges, as using the wrong screws can compromise the strength and stability of your door.


A pencil will come in handy for marking the locations where you’ll be attaching the hinges. This will ensure accurate and consistent positioning, resulting in a professional-looking installation.

Measuring Tape

Accurate measurements are crucial for properly aligning hinges on your door. A measuring tape will help you determine the proper placement for your hinges, ensuring a level and symmetrical installation.

Chisel (if Using Recessed Hinges)

If you’re using recessed hinges, you may need a chisel to remove wood to allow the hinges to be mortised into the door. This creates a seamless and flush look.

Drill (if Necessary)

In some cases, you may need to use a drill to create pilot holes for the screws or to adjust the depth of the mortise for recessed hinges. A drill with the appropriate drill bit can make installation easier and more precise.

Choosing The Right Hinges For Your Project

Learn how to attach hinges to your project with easy-to-follow instructions. Find out the best techniques for installing hinges on doors and other woodworking projects without causing splintering or damage. Follow step-by-step videos and guides to ensure a perfect hinge fit every time.

When it comes to attaching hinges to your project, it’s crucial to choose the right ones for the job. The hinges you select will not only impact the functionality of your door but also play a significant role in its overall aesthetic appeal. To help you make an informed decision, consider the following factors before attaching hinges to your project:

Consider The Weight And Size Of Your Door

One of the first things to keep in mind when choosing hinges is the weight and size of your door. Different doors require different types of hinges to support their weight effectively. For instance, heavy doors, such as solid wood or metal doors, require sturdy hinges that can handle the load without sagging over time. On the other hand, lighter doors, like interior doors or cabinets, can use lighter-duty hinges without compromising their functionality.

Determine The Type Of Hinge You Need (surface-mounted Or Recessed)

Next, you’ll need to determine whether you need surface-mounted hinges or recessed hinges. Surface-mounted hinges, as the name suggests, are attached to the surface of the door and frame, making them easier to install. They are a popular choice for most projects due to their versatility and ease of use.

On the other hand, recessed hinges, also known as mortised hinges, require the removal of wood to allow the hinge to be embedded into the door and frame. These hinges offer a more seamless and streamlined look as they are hidden from view when the door is closed. Recessing the hinges also allows the door to swing fully without obstruction.

Select The Appropriate Material And Finish For Your Desired Aesthetic

Lastly, selecting the right material and finish for your hinges is essential to achieve your desired aesthetic. Stainless steel hinges are a popular choice due to their durability, corrosion resistance, and modern appearance. Brass hinges, on the other hand, offer a more traditional and elegant look.

When it comes to finishes, there are various options available, including polished chrome, satin nickel, antique brass, and oil-rubbed bronze, among others. Consider the existing hardware and decor in your space to ensure your hinges blend seamlessly with the overall design.

By considering the weight and size of your door, determining the type of hinge you need, and selecting the appropriate material and finish, you can ensure that the hinges you choose will not only function properly but also enhance the overall look of your project. Take the time to evaluate these factors before attaching hinges, and you’ll be on your way to a successful installation.

Preparing The Door And Frame For Hinge Installation

Before you can attach hinges to your door and frame, it’s important to properly prepare them for installation. This step will ensure that your hinges fit correctly and that your door functions smoothly.

Measure And Mark The Hinge Placement On The Door And Frame

The first step in preparing your door and frame is to measure and mark the exact placement for your hinges. This will ensure that your door swings properly and aligns with the frame when closed. To do this, follow these simple steps:

  1. Carefully measure and mark the desired location of the top hinge on both the door and frame using a tape measure and a pencil. Be sure to account for any desired gap between the door and frame.
  2. Repeat this process for the middle and bottom hinges, ensuring that they are evenly spaced and aligned with the top hinge marks.
  3. Double-check your measurements and marks to ensure accuracy before proceeding with the installation.

Ensure The Door And Frame Are Properly Aligned And In The Closed Position

Before attaching the hinges, it’s essential to make sure that the door and frame are properly aligned and in the closed position. This step will help ensure a smooth installation and prevent any future issues with the door’s functionality. Follow these steps to align the door and frame:

  1. Close the door and stand back to visually inspect its alignment with the frame. The door should be centered in the frame with even gaps on all sides.
  2. If the door is not aligned, adjust it by loosening the screws on the hinge plates on either the door or frame. Gently shift the door until it is properly aligned and then tighten the screws.
  3. Repeat this process for each hinge, making sure the door remains properly aligned throughout.

Determine Whether To Start With The Door Or Frame For Hinge Installation

Now that you have measured and marked the hinge placement and ensured proper alignment, it’s time to determine whether to start with the door or frame for hinge installation. This decision will depend on your specific needs and preferences, but here are some general guidelines:

  • If you are installing new hinges on an existing door, it is generally easier to start with the door. This allows you to align the hinges with the existing hinge mortises on the frame.
  • If you are installing new hinges on a new door or frame, it may be more convenient to start with the frame. This allows you to position the hinges precisely and ensure a proper fit.
  • Regardless of whether you start with the door or frame, make sure to follow the manufacturer’s instructions for hinge installation to ensure proper alignment and secure attachment.

By following these steps, you can ensure that your door and frame are properly prepared for hinge installation. This will help you achieve a smooth and functional door that opens and closes with ease.

Installing Surface-mounted Hinges

When it comes to installing surface-mounted hinges, it’s important to follow a precise process to ensure stability and a professional finish. In this section, we will guide you through the steps of attaching hinges to your door or frame. By following these instructions, you can achieve a secure and visually appealing hinge installation.

Align The Hinge On The Door Or Frame Using Your Pencil Marks

Before you begin attaching the hinges, start by marking the desired placement on both the door and the frame. Use a pencil to create accurate alignment marks, ensuring that the hinge will be positioned correctly. This step is crucial for achieving seamless movement and a properly functioning door.

Secure The Hinge With Screws, Starting With The Top Hinge

Once you have aligned the hinge using the pencil marks, it’s time to secure it in place. Begin with the top hinge, as this will provide a stable starting point for the remaining hinges. Place the hinge on the door or frame, making sure it is flush and level. Then, using the appropriate screws, attach the hinge securely using a screwdriver or drill. Remember to tighten the screws firmly but avoid overtightening to prevent damage.

Repeat The Process For The Remaining Hinges, Ensuring They Are Evenly Spaced

After securely installing the top hinge, proceed to attach the remaining hinges using the same method. Make sure to space them evenly along the door or frame to distribute the weight and create a balanced appearance. This will ensure smooth swinging motion and minimize stress on the hinges. As you did with the top hinge, align each hinge, secure it with screws, and double-check for levelness.

By following these step-by-step instructions for installing surface-mounted hinges, you can achieve a professional and long-lasting result. Whether you are replacing old hinges or installing new ones, a well-executed hinge installation will contribute to the overall functionality and aesthetic appeal of your door or cabinet.

Installing Recessed (mortised) Hinges

To attach hinges, start by removing the screws holding the hinge leafs in place. Carefully pull them away from the door and check for alignment. Make sure to choose between surface-mounted hinges or recessed hinges that require wood removal. Install the new hinges onto the doorframe, ensuring they sit flush, before screwing them in.

When it comes to attaching hinges to your doors or cabinets, recessed hinges, also known as mortised hinges, provide a clean and professional look. These hinges are installed by creating a recess in the door and the frame, allowing the hinge to be mounted flush with the surface. In this guide, we’ll walk you through the steps to install recessed hinges, ensuring a secure and seamless fit.

Mark The Hinge Placement On The Door And Frame Using A Chisel Or Template

The first step in installing recessed hinges is to mark the hinge placement on both the door and the frame. This can be done by using a chisel or a hinge template. Start by placing the hinge on the desired location and using a pencil or a marking knife, trace around the hinge outline. This will serve as a guide for creating the recess.

Use A Chisel To Remove Wood And Create A Recess For The Hinge

Once you have marked the hinge placement, it’s time to create the recess. Grab a sharp chisel and gradually remove the wood within the traced outline. Take care to remove the wood to the appropriate depth, ensuring that the hinge will sit flush with the surface. Use light and controlled blows with a mallet to prevent any splintering or damage to the wood.

Align The Hinge In The Recess And Secure It With Screws

After creating the recess, carefully align the hinge within the recess on both the door and the frame. Ensure that the hinge is level and properly seated. Once aligned, secure the hinge with screws. Start by driving one screw on each leaf of the hinge and test the movement of the door. If everything looks and functions correctly, continue securing the rest of the screws. Make sure to tighten them enough to securely hold the hinge but avoid over-tightening, which could strip the screw holes.

Repeat The Process For The Remaining Hinges, Ensuring They Are Properly Aligned

Repeat the process outlined above for the remaining hinges. Mark the hinge placement, create the recess using a chisel, align the hinge, and secure it with screws. Ensure that all the hinges are properly aligned and functioning smoothly before moving on to the next step.

By following these steps, you can easily install recessed hinges on your doors or cabinets. This method provides a clean and streamlined look, giving your project a professional finish. Enjoy the seamless movement and functionality of your doors with these properly installed recessed hinges.

Adjusting And Testing The Door

To attach hinges to a door, start by removing the screws from the hinge leafs on the door and jamb. Then, place the new hinges onto the doorframe, ensuring they sit flush before screwing them in. Hinges can be either surface-mounted or recessed, depending on your preference.

Check The Door Swing And Ensure It Opens And Closes Smoothly

Before adjusting and testing the door hinges, it’s crucial to check the door swing and ensure that it opens and closes smoothly. This step will help you identify any potential issues or misalignments that need to be addressed.

Make Any Necessary Adjustments To The Hinges, Such As Tightening Or Loosening The Screws

Next, it’s time to make any necessary adjustments to the hinges. Start by examining the screws that hold the hinges in place. If the door is sagging or not aligning properly, you may need to tighten or loosen these screws.

To tighten the door hinges, use a screwdriver to turn the screws in a clockwise direction. This will help secure the hinges and prevent any wobbling or movement. On the other hand, if the door is difficult to close or appears misaligned, you may need to loosen the screws slightly to allow for better movement.

Remember, it’s essential to make small adjustments and test the door after each change. This way, you can properly evaluate the impact of each adjustment and fine-tune the door to ensure a perfect fit.

Test The Door For Proper Alignment And Adjust As Needed

Once you’ve made the necessary adjustments to the hinges, it’s crucial to test the door for proper alignment. Start by opening and closing the door several times to see if it operates smoothly and without any obstructions.

If you notice any issues, such as sticking or rubbing against the door frame, you may need to further adjust the hinges. This can be done by tightening or loosening the screws until the door operates smoothly without any resistance.

Additionally, check the door for any gaps or misalignment when closed. If there are visible gaps between the door and the frame, you can adjust the hinges vertically or horizontally to ensure a snug fit.

Remember to test the door at various points along its swing to ensure consistent alignment throughout. This will help you identify any potential weak spots and make the necessary adjustments accordingly.

By following these steps and adjusting the hinges as needed, you can ensure that your door swings smoothly, aligns properly, and provides a seamless experience for all who use it.

Frequently Asked Questions On How To Attach Hinges

Do You Attach Hinges To Door Or Frame First?

Attach hinges to the door frame first, not the door. Make sure the hinges sit flush before screwing them in. The Handyman’s Guide on How to Hang a Door. Surface-mounted hinges are mounted on the surface, while recessed hinges require wood removal.

Millard Lumber. Each hinge leaf is interlocked to create the knuckle. The Home Depot.

How Do You Rehang Door Hinges?

To rehang door hinges, follow these steps: 1. Start by removing the screws holding the hinge leafs in place. 2. Carefully pull the hinge leafs away from the door and the jamb. 3. Check to ensure the hinges sit flush. 4.

Attach the new hinges onto the doorframe first, ensuring they are flush. 5. Screw the hinges in place. Note: Hinges can be either surface-mounted or recessed (mortised), depending on the type of door and frame. Ensure the hinges are held together securely with tabs or ridges rolled to interlock.

How Are Door Hinges Typically Mounted?

Door hinges are typically mounted in two ways: surface-mounted or recessed (mortised). Surface-mounted hinges are installed on the surface of the door and frame. Recessed hinges require cutting out a mortise in the wood to fit the hinge. To install hinges, you can search for instructions on Google, watch videos on YouTube, or consult DIY guides.

It’s important to ensure the hinges are aligned and sit flush before screwing them in.

How Are Hinges Held Together?

Hinges are held together by interlocking tabs or ridges on each leaf of the hinge. These tabs or ridges create the knuckle of the hinge. The pin slides through the hollow knuckle to lock and join the hinge.


Attaching hinges to doors or frames may seem daunting, but with the right techniques, it can be easily accomplished. Start by removing the screws holding the hinge leafs in place, then carefully pull them away from the door and the jamb.

When installing new hinges, make sure they sit flush on the doorframe. Remember, hinges can be either surface-mounted or recessed (mortised), so choose the appropriate type for your project. With these steps in mind, you’ll be able to confidently and accurately install hinges, ensuring smooth operation for your doors.